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Reflections from the 14th Sakyadhita International Conference: Nurturing the Theravada Bhikkhuni Sangha

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Abbreviation

Total glossary entries273414

十遍處


Source: 佛光電子大辭典

Description:

梵語 daśakrtsnāyatanāni。又作十一切入、十一切處、十遍入、十遍處定。即依勝解作意,觀色等十法各周遍一切處無間隙。十法即:地、水、火、風、青、黃、赤、白、空、識,觀其周遍一切處,故稱地遍處乃至識遍處等。此觀法為行者修八解脫、八勝處後,於色等得淨相,於所觀之中轉變自在,然仍未周遍,故更修此定。〔俱舍論卷二十九、解脫道論卷九「五通品」〕

Page: p481


Source: 朱芾煌《法相辭典》字庫

Description:

顯揚四卷五頁云:云遍處者:謂十遍處。廣說如經。謂地遍處。一能解了上下及傍,無二無量。如是水火風遍,青黃赤白虛空識遍,上下及傍,無二無量。地遍處者:由色所依遍滿故;彼能依色,亦遍滿。由彼增長故。一能解了者:謂能證此觀補特伽羅。上下及傍者:謂遍滿諸方及四維故。無二者:離餘諸界,及不雜顯色,遍滿故。無量者:無有分齊相遍滿故。如地遍處,餘水火風青黃赤白,亦復如是。如其所應。虛空遍處者:謂對治一切色相作意思惟遍滿故。餘如前說。識遍處者:謂緣無量識作意思惟遍滿故。餘如前說。

二解 雜集論十三卷十二頁云:遍處者:謂於遍滿住具足中若定若慧,及彼相應心心法;是名遍處。遍滿者:其量廣大,周普無邊。此復十種。謂地、水、火、風、青、黃、赤、白,無邊空處,無邊識處,皆悉遍滿。問:何故於遍處,建立地等?答:由此遍處,觀所依能依色,皆遍滿故。若於此中,不建立地等遍處者;即離所依大種,亦不能觀青等所造色為遍滿相。是故為觀所依能依皆悉遍滿,建立地等。餘隨所應,如解脫中說。謂無邊空處等。當知此中依解脫故造修。由勝處故起方便。由遍處故成滿。若於彼得成滿,即於解脫究竟。又云:遍處作何業?謂善能成辦解脫所緣。遍滿流布故。

三解 俱舍論二十九卷六頁云:論曰:遍處有十。謂周遍觀地水火風青黃赤白及空與識二無邊處。於一切處,周遍觀察,無有間隙;故名遍處。十中前八,如淨解脫。謂八自性,皆是無貪。若并助伴;五蘊為性。依第四靜慮,緣欲可見色。有餘師說:唯風遍處,緣所觸中風界為境。後二遍處,如次空識二淨無色為其自性。各緣自地四蘊為境。應知此中修觀行者,從諸解脫,入諸勝處;從諸勝處,入諸遍處。以後後起,勝前前故。

四解 品類足論六卷一頁云:有十遍處。謂地遍滿一類想,上下傍布,無二無量;是初遍處。水遍滿一類想,上下傍布,無二無量;是第二遍處。火遍滿一類想,上下傍布,無二無量;是第三遍處。風遍滿一類想,上下傍布,無二無量;是第四遍處。青遍滿一類想,上下傍布,無二無量;是第五遍處。黃遍滿一類想,上下傍布,無二無量;是第六遍處。赤遍滿一類想,上下傍布,無二無量;是第七遍處。白遍滿一類想,上下傍布,無二無量;是第八遍處。空遍滿一類想,上下傍布,無二無量,是第九遍處。識遍滿一類想,上下傍布,無二無量,是第十遍處。

五解 品類足論八卷四頁云:初遍處云何?謂地遍滿一類想,上下傍布,無二無量;是初遍處。此中初者:謂隨算數漸次順次相續次第,此最在初。又隨入定漸次順次相續次第,此最在初。如是定中所有善色受想行識,是名遍處。水火風青黃赤白遍處亦爾。第九遍處云何?謂空遍滿一類想,上下傍布,無二無量;是第九遍處。此中第九者:謂隨算數漸次順次相續次第。此居第九。又隨入定漸次順次相續次第,此居第九。如是定中所有善受想行識,是名遍處。識無邊處遍處亦爾。

六解 集異門論十九卷七頁云:云何為十?具壽當知;地遍一想,如是上下傍布,無二無邊無際;是第一遍處。復次具壽!水遍一想,如是上下傍布,無二無邊無際;是第二遍處。復次具壽!火遍一想,如是上下傍布,無二無邊無際;是第三遍處。復次具壽!風遍一想,如是上下傍布,無二無邊無際;是第四遍處。復次具壽!青遍一想,如是上下傍布,無二無邊無際;是第五遍處。復次具壽!黃遍一想,如是上下傍布,無二無邊無際;是第六遍處。復次具壽!赤遍一想,如是上下傍布,無二無邊無際;是第七遍處。復次具壽!白遍一想,如是上下傍布,無二無邊無際;是第八遍處。復次具壽!空遍一想,如是上下傍布,無二無邊無際;是第九遍處。復次具壽!識遍一想,如是上下傍布,無二無邊無際;是第十遍處。

七解 大毗婆沙論一百四十一卷十一頁云:十遍處者:謂各別觀青、黃、赤、白、地、水、火、風、即為前八。九、空無邊處。十、識無邊處。此中前八,無貪善根為性。若并助伴,即五蘊性。後二遍處,即以彼地有漏加行善,彼勝解俱品,四蘊為性。已說自性;當說所以。問:何故名遍處?答:所緣廣普,勝解無邊。故名遍處。餘義如餘處說。

八解 大毗婆沙論八十五卷十頁云:十遍處者:謂青、黃、赤、白、地、水、火、風、空無邊處、識無邊處遍處。問:此十遍處自性是何?答:前八遍處,以無貪善根為自性。對治貪故。若兼取相應隨轉;即欲界者,以四蘊為自性。色界者,以五蘊為自性。後二遍處,俱以四蘊為自性。如是名為遍處自性我物自體相分本性。已說自性;所以今當說。問:何故名遍處?遍處是何義?答:由二緣故,名為遍處。一、由無間,二、由廣大。由無間者:謂純青等勝解作意。不相間雜,故名無間。由廣大者:謂緣青等勝解作意。境相無邊,故名廣大。大德說曰:所緣寬廣,無有間隙,故名遍處。又云:如是已說遍處總相;一一別相,今應略說。於一切青,若上、若下、若傍,無二無量,起一青想,是初遍處。一切青者:謂諸青色,若小若大,總名為青。上者:謂上方。下者:謂下方。傍者:謂四方四維。無二者:謂純青相,無餘間雜。無量者:謂無邊際。起一青想者:謂由勝解作意,於一切處,起一青想。是初遍處者:初、謂名數次第在初;或入此定次第在初。遍處。謂入此定時所有善色受想行識,總名遍處。如青遍處,廣說乃至識無邊處遍處,亦爾。有差別者,後二遍處,不應說色。唯應說受想行識蘊。如彼論卷十頁至十七頁廣說。


Source: 佛教漢梵大辭典, 平川彰 Buddhist Chinese-Sanskrit Dictionary, Akira Hirakawa

Description:

daśānāṃ kṛtsnāyatanānām.

Page: p.368 - p.369

Home | Buddhistdoor
“Meditation is the ultimate mobile device; you can use it anywhere, anytime, unobtrusively.” - Sharon Salzberg
Saturday 29 August 2015 (HKT)

FEATURES Updated Fridays View All

Reflections from the 14th Sakyadhita International Conference: Nurturing the Theravada Bhikkhuni Sangha

Reflections from the 14th Sakyadhita International Conference: Nurturing the Theravada Bhikkhuni Sangha

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An examination of equal opportunity for ordination and Buddhist education for women
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Heritage Cannot Wait: The Matho Museum Project

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