dhura : [nt.] 1. an office; responsibility; a charge; 2. a yoke; 3. the shaft of a carriage; 4. the forepart. (adj.) foremost; near.
Dhura (m. & nt.) [Sk. dhur f. & dhura m.] 1. a yoke, a pole, the shaft of a carriage J i.192 (purima -- sakaṭa˚), 196; Cp. ii.8, 4. -- 2. (fig.) a burden, load, charge, office, responsibility Sn 256 (vahanto porisaŋ dh ˚ŋ "carrying a human yoke"=purisânucchavikā bhārā SnA 299), 694 (asama˚ one who has to bear a heavy burden=asamaviriya SnA 489); DhA ii.97 (sama˚); dve dhurāni two burdens (viz. gantha˚ & vipassanā, study & contemplation) DhA i.7; iv.37; asamadhura J i.193; vi.330. Three dhurā are enumd at J iv.242 as saddhā˚, sīla˚, and paññā˚. -- Sdhp 355 (saddhā˚), 392 (+viriya), 413 (paññā˚) dh ˚ŋ nikkhipati to take off the yoke, to put down a burden, to give up a charge or renounce a responsibility (see ˚nikkhepa): nikkhittadhura A i.71; ii.148; iii.65, 108, 179 sq.; a˚ S v.197, 225; Nd2 131; SnA 236 (=dhuravant). -- 3. the forepart of anything, head, top, front; fig. chief, leader, leading part. nāvāya dh. the forecastle of a ship J iii.127=iv.142; dh -- vāta head wind J i.100; ekaŋ dh ˚ŋ nīharati to set aside a foremost part DA i.135. <-> 4. the far end, either as top or beginning J iii.216 (yāva dh -- sopānā); iv.265 (dh -- sopānaŋ katvā making the staircase end); v.458 (magga -- dhure ṭhatvā standing on the far end or other side of the road, i. e. opposite; gloss BB maggantare); VvA 44 (dh -- gehassa dvāre at the door of the top house of the village, i. e. the first or last house).
-- gāma a neighbouring village (lit. the first v. that one meets) J i.8, 237; iv.243; DhA iii.414; -- dhorayha a yoked ox S i.173=Sn 79 (viriyam me dh -- dh ˚ŋ); SnA 150. -- nikkhepa the putting down of the yoke, the giving up of one's office J iii.243; Vism 413. -- bhatta a meal where a monk is invited as leader of other monks who likewise take part in it J i.449. v. l. (for dhuva˚); iii.97 (v. l. dhuva˚); Vism 66. -- yotta yoke -- tie, i. e. the tie fastening the yoke to the neck of the ox J i.192; vi.253; -- vahana bearing a burden (cp. dhorayha) DhA iii.472; -- vihāra a neighbouring monastery (cp. ˚gāma) J i.23; iv.243; DhAi.126 (Np.); iii.224 (id.); -- sampaggāha "a solid grip of the burden" (Mrs. Rh.D.) Dhs 13, 22 etc. (opp. nikkhepa); -- ssaha enduring one's yoke Th 1, 659. Cp. dhuratā.
dhúra m. yoke, pole, burden, peg of the axle (esp. ifc.) MBh. &c
• mfn. having anything as chief (foremost) part or ingredient, distinguished by (ifc.) Bālar. i, 11
• (ā), f. burden, load Pañc. Kathās.
• pole, shaft Pañc. i, 22/23